Leptopelis parkeri (Vulnerable) is a treefrog from the Uluguru, Udzungwa, Usambara, and Pare Mountains of Tanzania, where it is threatened by forest loss. Photo by © David Moyer – Wildlife Conservation Society.
The salamander, Neurergus strauchii (Vulnerable), has a fragmented range in Eastern Anatolia, Turkey. It is known only from the small, cool mountain streams in which it breeds, and can be locally common within suitable habitat. Its habitat away from streams in the winter months is not well known. Photo by Pierre-André Crochet.
The Madagascan Mantella, Mantella madagascariensis (Vulnerable), occurs in east-central Madagascar. Popular in the pet trade, this species is threatened in the wild by habitat loss as well as potentially over exploitation. Photo by Taran Grant.
The newly described caecilian Boulengerula niedeni (Critically Endangered), is restricted to Sagala Hill, in the Taita Hills, southern Kenya. It is common within its small range although intensification of farming practices are potentially threatening its habitat. Photo by John Measey.
The Golden Poison Frog Phyllobates terribilis (Endangered), is known only from tiny areas on the Pacific coast of Colombia. It is extremely common within its tiny range. It lives on the ground in humid forests and lays its eggs on the ground and the males then transport the larvae to permanent pools. Photo by Taran Grant.
The largest of all amphibian species (sometimes growing to more than one metre in length), the Chinese Giant Salamander Andrias davidianus (Critically Endangered), is widespread in central, south-western and southern China, although its range is now very fragmented. It has declined catastrophically over the last 30 years, principally due to over-exploitation, and is now very rare, with few surviving populations known. Photo by Michael Lau - Kadoorie Farm and Botanic Garden.
The announcement in 2003 of the discovery of a new family of frogs, the Nasikabatrachidae, from the Western Ghats of India took the scientific world by surprise. The only species, Nasikabatrachus sahyadrensis (Endangered), is known from only two localities, and spends most of its time deep underground. Under a recent review of amphibian taxonomy this new family has now been absorbed within the Sooglossidae. Photo by S.D. Biju.
Darwin's frog Rhinoderma darwinii (Vulnerable) is an endemic of the austral forest of Chile and Argentina. Females of this species deposit their eggs in the leaf-litter, and when the larvae inside the eggs begin to move, adult males ingest the eggs and incubate them in their vocal sacs. The larvae then develop inside the male and emerge after metamorphosis. Photo by Jörn Köhler.
Shown here is the larval stage of Scaphiophryne gottlebei (Critically Endangered), an endemic of Madagascar. Known from only one location, this beautifully coloured frog is threatened by overexploitation for the pet trade as well as habitat loss. Photo by Franco Andreone.
An endemic of the Wet Tropics Bioregion in northeastern Australia, the Australian Lace-lid Litoria dayi (Endangered) has disappeared from all upland sites throughout its range. Photo by Stephen Richards.
This once common salamander, Bolitoglossa franklini (Endangered), occurs along the Pacific border of Chiapas, Mexico, south-east to the Pacific slopes of Guatemala. It is now considered very rare as a result of extensive habitat loss within its range. Photo by Gabriela Parra Olea.
The rare species, Polypedates fastigo (Critically Endangered), is known from only one locality in south-western Sri Lanka. Habitat loss is an ongoing threat to this arboreal species as well as many others in Sri Lanka. Photo by Don Church.